Effects of high silicon contents on graphite morphology and room temperature mechanical properties of as-cast ferritic ductile cast irons. Part I – Microstructure

Abstract:

Studying a series of near eutectic spheroidal graphite cast irons with various amounts of silicon up to 9.12 wt% confirmed that: 1. silicon stabilizes ferrite to such an extent that ferrite is the Fe-rich phase appearing during solidification at the highest silicon contents; 2. silicon triggers graphite degeneracy such as chunky graphite. As well-known, cerium and magnesium do also increase the risk of chunky graphite formation while antimony counteracts cerium. Based on the metallographic observations of the present work, an index is proposed to evaluate the risk of chunky graphite appearance from the silicon, magnesium, cerium and antimony contents. Above a critical value of this index, the risk for chunky graphite formation increases steadily. Using data from previous studies, it is further demonstrated that the critical value decreases with increase in casting modulus as expected. The evolution of mechanical properties of the prepared cast irons will be presented in a second part of this study.

Authors:

Rodolfo González-Martínez // Urko de la Torre // Jon Sertucha // Jacques Lacaze (CIRIMAT, Université de Toulouse).

Keywords:

High silicon ductile iron; Chunky graphite; Inoculation; Thermal analysis

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